December Poll: 53% of Palestinians support mutual recognition of Israel as state of Jewish people and Palestine as the state of Palestinian people

The poll also shows that 68% of the Palestinians support the Saudi initiative which calls for Arab recognition of and normalization of relations with Israel after it ends its occupation of Arab territories occupied in 1967 and after the establishment of a Palestinian state.

10-12.12.2009

 

 

 

  • 64% prefer the two-state solution over any other solution while 20% prefer the one-state solution; the rest of respondents prefers other solutions or believes no solution exists
  • 53% support and 46% oppose a mutual recognition of Israel as the state for the Jewish people and Palestine as the state for the Palestinian people
  • 68% support the Saudi Initiative and 30% oppose it
  • But 68% believe the chances for the establishment of a Palestinian state in the next 5 years are slim to non existent and 31% believe the chances are medium or high
  • 68% oppose and 30% support return to negotiations before the implementation of a comprehensive freeze on settlement construction including in East Jerusalem, but only 17% believe that Israel would in the future agree to such a freeze
  • In the absence of negotiations, 39% support return to armed intifada, 17% support non violent resistance, 18% support a unilateral declaration of statehood, and 16% support going to the UN Security Council
  • Palestinians have no confidence in Israel’s long term aspirations: 53% believe it seeks to annex the occupied territories and expel its population; 23% believe it seeks to annex the occupied territories while denying its population their political rights
  • As for Palestinian long term aspirations, 49% say Palestinians seek to reach a peace agreement with Israel to establish a Palestinian state in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip with East Jerusalem as its capital, 10% say the goal is to force Israel to withdraw to the 1967 borders without a peace agreement
  • 77% are worried or very worried that they or a family member might be hurt by Israel in their daily life or that their land would be confiscated or home demolished and 23% are not worried
  • 69% say Obama’s policy is biased in favor of Israel and 3% think it is biased in favor of the Palestinians and 22% say the policy supports the two sides equally
 
A majority of 64% of the Palestinians believes that the best solution to the conflict is the establishment of a Palestinian state alongside Israel, known as the two-state solution. 20% of the Palestinians think that the best solution is to establish one state shared by Palestinians and Israelis in all the area west to the Jordan River. Support for the two-state solution increases among supporters of the peace process (66%) compared to those opposed to the peace process (54%), among supporters of Fateh (74%) compared to supporters of Hamas (56%). Support in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip is almost identical (63% and 64% respectively). Similarly, support among men and women is almost identical (64% and 63% respectively). Moreover, 53% of the Palestinians support and 46% oppose the proposal that after the establishment of an independent Palestinian state and the settlement of all issues in dispute, including the refugees and Jerusalem issues, there will be a mutual recognition of Israel as the state of the Jewish people and Palestine as the state of the Palestinian people. In August, 49% of the Palestinians supported this proposal, while 49% opposed it. 68% of the Palestinians support and 30% oppose the Saudi initiative which calls for Arab recognition of and normalization of relations with Israel after it ends its occupation of Arab territories occupied in 1967 and after the establishment of a Palestinian state. The plan calls for Israeli retreat from all territories occupied in 1967 including Gaza the West Bank, Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, and the establishment of a Palestinian state. The refugees' problem will be resolved through negotiation in a just and agreed upon manner and in accordance with UN resolution 194. In return, all Arab states will recognize Israel and its right to secure borders, will sign peace treaties with her and establish normal diplomatic relation. In August, 64% supported the plan while 34% opposed it. Now, more than 40 years after the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, 68% of the Palestinians believe that the chances for the establishment of an independent Palestinian state next to the state of Israel in the next five years are non-existent or low. 31% believe they are medium or high. These figures are very similar to those we obtained in August. Similarly, 67% think that it is impossible to reach these days a final status settlement with the Israelis and 32% believe it is possible.
 
Moreover, findings show that 68% of the Palestinians oppose and 30% support unconditional return to negotiations with Israel, as requested by the US, before Israel implements a comprehensive freeze on settlement construction that would include East Jerusalem. But we also found that only 17% of the Palestinians believe that Israel will agree in the future to a complete freeze on settlement construction, including in East Jerusalem and 81% don’t believe this will happen. In such a case, we found Palestinians divided over what alternatives they should adopt if negotiations stopped: 39% want a return to armed intifada while 17% prefer a popular non violent resistance. The rest selected other alternatives such as a unilateral declaration of statehood (18%), turning to the UN Security Council (16%), and abandoning the two-state solution and adopting a one-state solution (6%). Support for a return to armed intifada is greater in the Gaza Strip (46%) compared to the West Bank (35%), in refugee camps (48%) compared to cities and villages (38%), among those opposed to the peace process (55%) compared to those who support the peace process (35%), and among supporters of Hamas (57%) compared to supporters of Fateh (29%).
 
Palestinians don’t trust Israelis long run aspirations. Only 12% of the Palestinians believe that Israel wants to guarantee its security and withdraw from all the territories occupied in 1967. 11% of the Palestinians believe that Israel wants to Guarantee its security and withdraw from part of the occupied territories. 23% believe that Israel plans the annexation of the West Bank while denying political rights of Palestinians, and 53% fear that Israel aspires to the realization of Greater Israel borders and transfer of the Palestinians. With regard to their own long term aspirations, about half of the Palestinians (49%) believe they aspire to reach a peace agreement with Israel that would establish a state in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip with East Jerusalem as its capital, 10% believe the aspiration is to force Israel to end its occupation and withdraw to the 1967 lines without a peace agreement, 16% believe the goal is to return all Palestine from the river to the sea to Arab sovereignty by force, and 23% believe the goal is to conquer the state of Israel and destroy its Jewish population.
 
Findings also show that 77% of the Palestinians are worried or very worried that they or members of their family could be hurt by Israel in their daily life or that their land could be confiscated or home demolished and 23% are not worried. In the Gaza Strip, 79% say they are worried and in the West Bank worry stands at 76%. Worry increases in areas like Khanyounis (90%), Tulkarm (89%), Jabalia (85%), and Jerusalem (84%).
 
Since the election of President Obama and following the intensified involvement of the US in the region we have been tracking in our poll Palestinians' attitudes toward the US policy in the region. Our current poll indicates that 69% of the Palestinians think that Obama’s policy is more supportive of Israel and 3% think it is more supportive of the Palestinians, and 22% think it is supportive of both sides equally. In August, 64% of Palestinians believed that Obama’s policy is more supportive of Israel; 7% thought it is more supportive of the Palestinians, and 23% thought it is supportive of both sides equally. 55% of the Palestinians believe and 39% do not believe that the US has now abandoned its demand from Israel to implement a comprehensive freeze on settlement construction.

Click here for full poll results