Economic survey

Economic survey carried out by the Palestinian Center for Public Opinion
Date: 01.11.06

The most recent economic survey in the PA prepared by Dr. Nabil Kukali
  • 78.6% of Palestinians are worried about their personal security.
  • 80.9% of the Palestinians are worried about the subsistence of their families at present.
  • 78.1% evaluated their economic condition as bad
  • 62.3% are pessimistic about the improvement of the economic and political conditions.
  • 62.1% hold the United States, Israel and other donor countries responsible for the deterioration of the economic conditions in the Palestinian territories.

In the most recent poll prepared by Dr. Nabil Kukali and conducted by the Palestinian Center for Public Opinion (PCPO) during the period from October 26th to November 1st, 2006, a random sample of 1000 respondents representing the various demographic specimens of the population in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza Strip over 18 years were interviewed. The outcome revealed that 80.9% of the Palestinian public is worried about the subsistence of their families at present. The most significant findings are the rising pessimism among Palestinians regarding the possibility of improving the economic and political conditions. . Compared with the outcome of a former poll published on 13.9.2005, two-thirds of Palestinians evaluated their economic conditions as 'bad' showing an increase of 24.8 %.

Dr. Kukali, Director of the Palestinian Center for Public Opinion which conducted the survey, pointed out that the survey results testify to the extent of the recession of the economic and living conditions compared to the results of a similar poll conducted last year. According to Dr. Kukali, this is evidence that the Palestinian citizen is suffering from an increasingly suffocating economical crisis due to high rates of unemployment, an increase in prices and the non-payment of the salaries of c. 160.000 employees of the public sector for the past nine months. This hardship is substantially aggravated by the halt, or at least the drastic reduction of the financial assistance which donor countries committed to provide Palestinians with. This is worsened by the refusal of Israel to transfer funds. Dr. Kukali explained that the results call upon the donor countries, chiefly the United States and Israel, to reconsider their decision so as not to further increase the hardships of the Palestinian people.

Results of the poll:

To which extent are you worried about the subsistence of your family at present? 43.7% "worried"

37.2% "very worried"

13.0% "not too worried"

4.7% "not worried at all"

1.4% undecided

Economic conditions:
78.1% of the Palestinians evaluated the general economic condition in the Palestinian territories as "bad"
19.4% evaluated it as "mediocre"

2.0% as "good"

0.5 % declined to answer

"Do you think that your economic condition will become better or worse during the next period of time? "

22.1% "better"

49.2% "worse"

26.9% "it will remain unchanged"

1.8% undecided

"Who should be held responsible for the deterioration of the economic conditions in the territories of the Palestinian Authority?"

12.2% "Fateh"

24.6% "Hamas"

30.6% "United States of America"

28.4% "Israel"

3.1% "the EU"

1.1% undecided

Significance of foreign aid:

"To which extent does the European and US financial aid contribute to the Palestinians' well-being?"

39.9% "to a great extent"

47.8% "to a moderate extent"

8.5% "to a slight extent"

3.5% "it does not contribute at all"

0.3% undecided

Personal security:

"To which extent are you worried about your personal security ?"

29.3% "very worried"

49.3% "worried"

14.3% "not too worried"

5.8% "not worried at all"

1.3% undecided

The future:

34.9% of the respondents answered that they are optimistic about the future whilst 62.3% said they are pessimistic.

Concerns:

"What is your main concern at present?"

30.2% " job / money"

35.2% "security"

12.5% "health"

22.1% "the future"

Content with the life:

"To what extent are you content with your life?" (on a scale from 1-10 where 1 is discontent and 10 is content)

The mean was 4.77, i.e. a decrease of 0.9 compared with the results of last year's poll

Methodology of the Survey Study:

All interviews of this survey were conducted at the respondents' homes, i.e. face-to-face during different working hours, at least 5 hours a day, including the evening time, in order to ensure proper representation of those sub-groups of the population, which would otherwise be difficult to reach, and selecting one individual in each household. The choices were taken from a total of 150 election sites, from which 110 sites are located in West Bank and 40 sites in Gaza Strip. These sites were randomly chosen.

The margin of error is ±3.1% at a significance and confidence levels of 5% and 95% respectively.

The ratio women and men who answered the survey is 48.9: 51.1% respectively

The distribution of the random sample between the Palestinian two major regions was 63.1% in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and 36.9% in Gaza Strip

Dwellings are as follows: 50.7% towns, 31.1% villages and 18.2% camps.