Geneva Initiative Annexes
Geneva Initiative Annexes

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GI Israel Position Paper: Between Netanyahu and Geneva

 

The recognition of Israel as the homeland of the Jewish people? A non-militarized Palestinian State? Full sovereignty regarding the decision to enable refugees into Israel? Economic cooperation? – we took key points from PM Netanyahu’s speech at Bar Ilan and we compared them with the clauses of the Geneva Accord. This is what we found:
 
1. Israel as the homeland of the Jewish people
Netanyahu: Palestinians must clearly and unambiguously recognize Israel as the state of the Jewish people
 
The Geneva Accord: “this agreement marks the recognition of the right of the Jewish people to statehood and the recognition of the right of the Palestinian people to statehood” and “The Parties recognize Palestine and Israel as the homelands of their respective peoples”   
 
2. A non-militarized Palestinian state 
Netanyahu: The territory under Palestinian control must be demilitarized with ironclad security provisions for Israel. Therefore, today we ask our friends in the international community, led by the United States, for what is critical to the security of Israel: Clear commitments that in a future peace agreement, the territory controlled by the Palestinians will be demilitarized: namely, without an army, without control of its airspace, and with effective security measures to prevent weapons smuggling into the territory - real monitoring, and not what occurs in Gaza today. And obviously, the Palestinians will not be able to forge military pacts.
 
The Geneva Accord: “Palestine shall be a non-militarized state, with a strong security force”; “A Multinational Force (MF) shall be established to provide security guarantees to the Parties, act as a deterrent, and oversee the implementation of the relevant provisions of this Agreement”; “Israel may maintain two Early Warning Stations in the northern, and central West Bank”; “The Israeli Air Force shall be entitled to use the Palestinian sovereign airspace for training purposes”; “All border crossings shall be monitored by joint teams composed of members of the Palestinian Security Force and the Multinational Force. These teams shall prevent the entry into Palestine of any weapons, materials or equipment that are in contravention of the provisions of this Agreement… In passenger terminals, for thirty months, Israel may maintain an unseen presence in a designated on-site facility, to be staffed by members of the Multinational Force and Israelis, utilizing appropriate technology”.
 
3. Refugees
Netanyahu:  For it is clear to all that the demand to settle the Palestinian refugees inside of Israel, contradicts the continued existence of the State of Israel as the state of the Jewish People.
 
The Geneva Accord: The decision regarding the number of refugees to be settled in Israel “shall be at the sovereign discretion of Israel”.
 
4. Territory and Jerusalem
Netanyahu: Regarding the remaining important issues that will be discussed as part of the final settlement, my positions are known: Israel needs defensible borders, and Jerusalem must remain the united capital of Israel with continued religious freedom for all faiths.
 
The Geneva Accord:
Territory:In accordance with UNSC Resolution 242 and 338, the border between the states of Palestine and Israel shall be based on the June 4th 1967 lines with reciprocal modifications on a 1:1 basis.
Jerusalem: Eastern Jerusalem will be divided according to the principle of Jewish neighborhoods under Israeli sovereignty and Arab neighborhoods under Palestinian sovereignty; “The Parties shall have their mutually recognized capitals in the areas of Jerusalem under their respective sovereignty”; “The Wailing Wall shall be under Israeli sovereignty”; “Palestinian Jerusalemites who currently are permanent residents of Israel shall lose this status upon the transfer of authority to Palestine of those areas in which they reside”.

5. Economic Peace
 Netanyahu: Economic peace is not a substitute for peace, but it is a very important component in achieving it. I call upon the talented entrepreneurs of the Arab world, to come and invest here, to assist the Palestinians and us, to give the economy a jump-start.
 
The Geneva Accord: The Parties shall cooperate in areas of joint economic interest, to best realize the human potential of their respective peoples. In this regard, they will work bilaterally, regionally, and with the international community to maximize the benefit of peace to the broadest cross-section of their respective populations. Relevant standing bodies shall be established by the Parties to this effect