Palestinian Public Opinion Poll, May 2009

This survey was conducted by Alpha International, commissioned by the Palestinian Peace coalition. The data was collected February 2009 by phone, and weight using the data of the population. A representative sample was taken of hte Palestinian community of 1519 families who are residing in Palestine (37.6% of them in Gaza and 62.4% of them in the West Bank). 


 Public Opinion Polls Regarding the Current Palestinian Political Situation

May 2009
The latest survey, conducted by Alpha International, regarding the current Palestinian situation has showed that nearly two thirds of the Palestinians are satisfied with Salam Fayyad government performance. 24.2% of the surveyed respondents said the government performance was very good, 36.7% said it was good, 9,3% said it was bad and 10.1% said it was very bad.   
As for Isamel Haniyya government, the study showed that 16% of Palestinians said its performance was very good, 22.7% said it was good, 16% said it was bad and 18.2% said it was very bad.
On the other hand, 55.4% of respondents said the late Fayyad government was the most capable to secure and provide Palestinians basic needs, while 16.1% of them said the same about Haniyya government. Only 5.1% said both governments were capable of doing that, while 20.3% said neither one of them was capable.
In their response to the question about providing security to the people, 44.8% of respondents said Fayyad government made them feel more secured, while 25.6% of them said Haniyya government did that to them. On the other hand, 4.5% said both governments provided security, while 23.1% said neither of them was able to do that.
39.1% of respondents said Fayyad government respected rule of law to all people, while 23.7% said Haniyya's did that. 5% said both governments did that and 29.1% said neither government did that.
Comparing Fatah with Hamas, 37.2% of Palestinians said Fatah is honest and trustworthy, while 22% said Hamas is honest and trustworthy. 25.8% said neither Fatah nor Hamas is honest or trustworthy, while only 3.8% said they both are.
Talking about who will improve Palestinians' living conditions, nearly half of Palestinians (48.8%) said Fatah and 18.2% said Hamas will do that. On the other hand, 19.2% said neither one of them will do that.
Almost half of respondents (45.8%) thought Fatah, compared with only 17.1% who picked Hamas as the movement that is best for achieving Palestinian dream of independent state. 22.3% said neither of them is good to do that.
The number of those who thought Hamas was responsible for the Split between Gaza and the West bank was double those who said Fatah was responsible for that; 30.1% versus 16.4%. Nearly third of respondents (29.9%) said both Fatah and Hamas were responsible. Notably, 11.9% of respondents said others (like: the Palestinian people, outsiders, Arab states or Israelis) were responsible for that.
However, almost half of Palestinians (46.8%) said there is a chance for the unity talks between Fatah and Hamas to succeed, while 47.8% said there is no chance.
If the unity talks were not to succeed, only 5.6% said Fatah and 17.7% said Hamas, while 45.3% said outsiders will be responsible for unity talks failure.
But when asked about the best solution for the current crises between Fatah and Hamas, 26.4% of respondents suggested forming a national unity government, 29.6% said dialogue between the two movements, 1.8% said bringing Arabic troops in Gaza, 2.2% said non Arabic troops and 1.3% said they do not know.
Palestinians were split on the possibility of 2 states solution. 48.3% versus 47.4% of respondents said this is still possible to achieve. Only 4.3% said they do not know.
As for their speculations regarding resuming peace process regardless of the Israeli elections outcome, 22.2% of respondents said there is a chance to resume it, 10% said there is no chance, while 62.1% of them said conditions will stay the same.
Most Palestinians (86.4%) of respondents support presidential and legislative elections by the end of this year, while 11% of them did not support that.
In case Mahmud Abbas was a Fatah candidate and Haniyya was a Hamas candidate in potential elections, 45.8% of respondents said they will vote for Abbas and 18% said they will vote for Haniyya. 20.9% of respondents said they will not participate in such elections, while 14.7% said they have no opinion.
But if Marwan Berghuthi was a Fatah candidate and Haniyya was a Hamas candidate in such elections, 58% of respondents said they will vote for Berghuthi while 13.3% of them said they will vote for Haniyya. 15.4% said they will participate in the elections and 12.8% said they have no opinion.
But when asked who they will vote for if an early elections was decided based on Proportional law, 45.5% of respondents said they will vote for Fatah, 14.5% for Hamas, 2.4% for the Popular Front, 2.5% for the National Initiative, 1.1% for the Third Way and 2.5% for the Democratic Coalition parties. 14.6% said they will not participate and 16.8% said they do not know/ no opinion.